Health & Nutrition | Dogs | Cats | October 2, 2015

Minerals are Essential in Pet Food

white fluffy dog

To ensure bone and tissue development and proper functioning of the body, the correct mineral level must be followed. It is crucial that you choose a complete and balanced pet food and has been formulated by a certified nutritionist and produced by a competent manufacturer.
The measurement of total mineral content of any pet food is described in general terms as its ash content. Ash is determined by burning a particular pet food at 600 degrees for two hours; the remaining non-combustible residue is known as ash. Ash contains calcium, phosphorus, sodium chloride, potassium, and other minerals, which are essential nutrients. A diet low in ash may not supply all the minerals a dog needs which could cause a mineral deficiency and subsequent health problems.

Cobalt is an integral part of B12 and provides for more efficient haemoglobin production.

Calcium and Phosphorus are essential for normal bone development. When Phosphorus levels are greater than Calcium in the diet, bone abnormalities may appear. A deficiency of these two important minerals in the diet can result in bone weakness and skeletal deformities. Over supplementation can adversely affect bone growth and development. Excess calcium and phosphorus interferes with the absorption of manganese.

Copper is required for proper utilization of iron. Excess copper can significantly reduce absorption. Anemia is a sign of either copper or iron lacking in the dog or cat’s diet. Bone abnormalities may also occur with copper deficiency.

Iodine is required in small amounts for the prevention of goiter.

Iron is required for the formation of hemoglobin which is necessary for the transportation of oxygen in the bloodstream, and to all parts of the body.

Magnesium is closely associated with calcium and phosphorus, both in its distribution and its metabolism. Excess magnesium can upset calcium absorption.

Manganese is a trace mineral that is necessary for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Is also has an associated role with vitamin K and the blood clotting response.

Potassium is required for body fluid, nerve transmission, and certain metabolic processes, including maintaining the heart beat.

Sodium and Chloride controls the passage of nutrients in the cells, as well as water metabolism.

Zinc is necessary for normal bone, muscle and hair growth. Deficiencies exhibit as emaciation, general debilitation, and retarded growth. Occasionally hair quality and texture will be affected.

Other trace minerals include selenium, nickel, sulphur, molybdenum, aluminium, silicon, chromium, and fluorine.